Werner Heisenberg


Werner was born on December 5, 1901 in Würzburg,Germany. Unfortunately, he passed away on February 1, 1976 of cancer. He attended the University of Munich, in Germany, to study physics. Using his knowledge, he created matrix mechanics, the first version of quantum mechanics in 1925. After leaving the University of Munich in 1923, he ventured to Gottingen with Max Born to study, then to the Institute of Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen with Niels Bohr.

He mainly studied physics, and was actually appointed the Professor of Physics at the University of Munich in 1958. Werner soon became interested in plasma physics, atomic physics, and thermonuclear processes.

One of his most memorable discoveries is the Uncertainty Principle. He said this means that electrons do NOT travel in neat orbits. Also, all electrons that contain photons will then change momentum and physics.

Werner's contribution to the atomic theory was that he calculated the behavior of electrons, and subatomic particles that also make up an atom. Instead of focusing mainly on scientific terms, this idea brought mathematics more into understanding the patterns of an atom's electrons. Werner's discovery helped clarify the modern view of the atom because scientists can compare the actually few numbers of atoms there are, by their movements of electrons, and how many electrons an atom contains. Surrounding the outside of an atomic nucleus is an electron cloud, which is a name given to the electrons that are widely spreading and moving around. In conclusion, Werner Heisenberg contributed to the atomic theory by including quantum mechanics, the branch of mechanics, based on quantum theory, used for interpretating the behavior of elementary particles and atoms.

This model shows a less comlex version of what an atom looks like. Werner noticed behaviors in the electrons that make them alike, and also looked at the path in which they orbit the atomic nucleus.
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